E. D. Nixon
Over a three decade period Edgar Daniel Nixon (E.D. Nixon) worked through the NAACP as a labor leader and political organizer, all before he bailed Rosa Parks out of jail after she was arrested in 1 December 1955 for refusing to giver her seat to a White man. Nixon’s work to promote the Montgomery Bus Boycott helped to usher in the modern civil rights movements.
Nixon’s long and impressive list of accomplishments include efforts to organize the Montgomery Welfare league, he reorganized and led the Montgomery Branch of the NAACP, and he made a personal appeal to first lady Eleanor Roosevelt, which led to the establishment of a USO Club in Montgomery for Black military personal during World War II. Nixon convinced department stores to install toilet facilities for African Americans and he led early efforts to desegregate public schools in Montgomery, Alabama. After trying for ten years, Nixon became a registered voter, and then organized the Montgomery Voter League, he also took on the leadership of the Progressive Democratic Association. Nixon pushed the political envelope when he ran for a seat on the County Democratic Executive Committee, only to loose by a few votes. Later in life Nixon focused his attention on children, organizing the Summer Olympics, and securing the sponsorship of the United Parcel Service.